Thoracic surgery is a sub-special of surgery. The surgical field we managing include cervical, thoracic and abdominal region. The surgery to manage the organs in between these regions were all practiced by thoracic surgeons.
Because the items are many, we listed them in the following orders:
Disease of the lung: Malignancy of the lung, benign tumor of the lung, foreign body of the respiratory tract, pulmonary tuberculosis and associated disease, bronchiectasis, sequestration, Tracheostomy, tracheal stenosis, …etc.
Disease of the pleura: Pneumothorax, hemothorax, empyema, hepatic hydrothorax, pleural effusion, …etc.
Disease of the mediastinum: Malignancy of the mediastinum, benign tumors of the mediastinum, thymoma, intrathoracic thyroid goiter, myathenia gravis, deep neck infection, mediastinitis, …etc.
Disease of the chest wall: Trauma, chest contusion, ribs fracture, chest wall tumor, pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum, diaphragm disease, …etc.
Disease of the esophagus: Malignancy of the esophagus, Benign tumor of the esophagus, GERD (gastro-esophageal reflux disease), foreign body of the esophagus, corrosive injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract, esophageal stenosis, diaphragm herniation, feeding tubes, …etc.